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kwashewa
17 Dec 2017

Kwararrun ƙwarewar DevOps

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Kwararrun ƙwarewar DevOps

Kasuwanci na samfurin DevOps yana taimaka maka a ci gaba da sulhu da gwaji, Saurin tafiya da tsari, Kulawa ta amfani da na'urorin, alal misali, GIT, Jenkins, Puppet, Chef, Docker, Mai yiwuwa, SaltStack da Nagios don fashi da dama a cikin SDLC.

Game da Shirye-shiryen Takaddama na DevOps

DevOps aikin ne na ƙarfafa duka Haɓakawa da Gudanarwa. Wannan shirin yana nufin ya sa ku kwararren DevOps ta hanyar ba ku hannu a kan shirye-shiryen kayan da suka ɓullo a matsayin wani ɓangaren na rayuwa na DevOps.

Bayanan bayani

Shirye-shiryen yanar gizo na ITS DevOps an tsara don taimaka maka ka zama mai sana'a na DevOps. A cikin wannan hanya, mu master DevOps malamai zai taimake ka:

  1. Tattauna ra'ayoyi da abubuwan da ake bukata na DevOps
  2. Yi amfani da abubuwan da ake buƙata don DevOps da abubuwan da ke faruwa a yau da kullum
  3. Ƙara ilmi da kafa saitin tsarin al'ada kamar Apache, & Nginx don Kasuwancin.
  4. Koyi abubuwa da yawa na DevOps kamar Jenkins, Puppet, Chef, Mai yiwuwa, SaltStack, Nagios da GIT
  5. Sakamakon aiwatar da tsarin ƙaddamarwa ya sake siffanta, kafa da shirye-shirye
  6. Koyi ka'idojin kirkiro
  7. Saitin tsari da kuma jingina, haɗin haɗin kai da ake amfani da GIT
  8. Calibrate Performance da kuma kafa na asali Tsaro ga Harkokin Gida
  9. Kula da aikace-aikacen uwar garke ta amfani da Dokar da ake kira "Infrastructure as Code"
  10. Yi amfani da abubuwan da ake buƙata don kuma ra'ayoyin Kulawa da Kulawa.

Tare da shafukan da aka ambata a baya, don taimaka maka ka gano na'urorin DevOps da aka fi sani da haka, haka nan za ka samu 4 karin darussan gudanarwa da suka haɗa kai da gabatarwa, rikodin kundin aiki, ayyuka, amsoshin waɗannan na'urori:

  1. Docker Gudanar da Gabatarwa, nau'i na Ƙwarewarwa, Bambanci tsakanin Xen & KVM, Kariya na Cloud.
  2. Mai yiwuwa Gudanar da Gabatarwa, Saita da Kanfigareshan, Lissafi Mai Lawuwa, 37 Madafi Mai Sauƙi, Matsayi daban-daban da Yin amfani da layi.
  3. kai Gudanar da Gabatarwa, Gina Littafin Cook, Node Object da Bincike, Saitunan Bayanai, Yanayin Chef, Matsayi, Gudanar da Nodes a Tattaunawa da kuma amfani da Mafarkin Mai Gudanarwa.
  4. yar tsana Gana Hanya Hanyoyin Hanya da Tsarin Hanya, Harshen Puppet, Mahalli da ke nuna Nodes da Modules, Samar da Kayan Yanar gizo da Kashe Ayyukan Kira akan Mai Kyau.

Wanene ya kamata ya je wannan hanya?

Masu sana'a na DevOps sun kasance daga cikin wadanda suka fi dacewa da kamfanonin IT a yau. Tare da tashi sababbin sassa a game da fasaha na DevOps, duk wanda ke neman shiga cikin waɗannan sassa, zai iya ɗaukar wannan tsarin DevOps. Wasu daga cikin waɗannan sassa sune:

  1. Dangantakar Ɗaukakawa ta Devops
  2. Computerization Engineer
  3. Mai bada shirye-shirye
  4. Engineer Tsaro
  5. Specialist Specialist
  6. Manajan Discharge

Pre-bukatun

Babu wasu bukatun da za su ƙare da ƙwararren DevOps Practitioner. Duk wanda ke da muhimmiyar shiga cikin IT ko bayani mai mahimmanci game daLinux da Networking iya juyawa zuwa DevOps Practitioner.

Ƙara aiki

  1. Yi amfani da shafin yanar gizon yanar gizo na amfani da Apache Web Server.
  2. Shirya rubutun harshe wanda yayi rahoton:
    • Dabbobi daban-daban da aka gano tare da abokin ciniki da OS.
    • Bayanan da aka gano tare da kaya akan uwar garke.
    • Hotunan 5 na sama sun fi girma da yawa.
    • Tada masu gudanarwa ta hanyar ƙwaƙwalwa
  3. Gabatar da Nagios akan ɗakin VM don lura da bambancin da ke cikin VM.

Kwararrun Takaddun shaida DevOps - Makarantar Ilimi

1. Gabatarwar zuwa DevOps da Bukatun

Manufofin -A wannan ɓangaren, za ku gane abin da ke DevOps kuma yana da wajibi, sassa DevOps, matsalolin yau da kullum da amsoshin su. Haka nan za ku gano game da nau'o'in harshe daban-daban kuma ku fahimci Scalability and Availability.

Shafuka - DevOps, Tashoshin DevOps, DevOps Bukatun, Shirye-shiryen Devops, Shirye-shiryen Devops, Tabbatar da matsalolin zamantakewa da kuma kaddamar da shi, Gyara Bayarwa da Amincewa, Mahimmanci hanyoyin samar da fasaha da matsalolinsa, fahimtar Scalability and Availability, Networking Concepts daga matsayin duba.

Labs - Subnetting.

2. Shirye Sabobin Gano Hanyoyin Gudanarwa

Manufofin - A cikin wannan rukunin, za ku gano game da sababbin Servewan Gida, Tsarinta da Sanya.

Modules - Yin aiki na DNS Server a Siffar Intanit, DNS Installation, Kanada Kanfigareshan, Tsarin Tuntube da Yanayi. Shirye-shiryen Yanar gizo na yanar gizo irin su Apache, Ngnix da nasu, Sanya Gurbin Apache & Nginx don Kasuwanci, Load Daidaitawa ta hanyar wakilcin HA da Saitin NFS don samfurin gabatarwa.

Labs - DNS Installation da Kanfigareshan, DNS Jagora / Shirin Kanfigareshan, Shirin HTTPD Web Server, HA Shirye-shiryen Zane - Dukansu HTTP da TCP suna daidaitawa da kuma Ngnix Shigarwa da Kanfigareshan.

3. Yi amfani da Aikace-aikacen Kayan Kwafi da Gudanarwa

Manufofin Ilmantarwa - A cikin wannan tsari, za ka gano game da Shigarwa ta atomatik na Sabobin, Haɗin Kashewa, Gudanar da Fitarwa da Tattalin.

Modules - Shigarwa na Linux Servers amfani da PXE taya ko kick fara dabarun, Yum archive saitin da kuma atomatik tsarin kyautayuwa. Shiryawa na SVN da GIT.

Labs - Hanyar shigarwa ta Linux - Saitin PXE (Sake Gyara Tsarin Gyara) da Linux Saitin Shirya.

4. Ƙididdigar Ayyukan Ayyukan Nuni da Tsaro mai mahimmancin Tsaro

Manufofin - A wannan ɓangaren, zaku gano game da Ayyuka na Ayyukan Harkokin Harkokin Harkokin Harkokin Harkokin Harkokin Harkokin Harkokin Harkokin Harkokin Harkokin Cibiyar da Aikata Tsaro don sanya yanayin ya fi tsaro.

Modules - Kamfanin sarrafawa na tunatar da ra'ayoyinsu kuma yana da damuwa, Yanayin siginar Diski, Sakamakon Ayyuka da Kasuwanci, Siffar cibiyar sadarwa da Siffofinta, Ƙarfafa Tsaro a OS da Ƙungiyar sadarwa, Sanya Linux Firewall da sauran tsare-tsaren tsaro don yanayin da aka kulla.

Labs - Tsarin atomatik haɓakawa, SVN da Git Kanfigareshan da IP Tables.

5. Ginawa da Kanfigareshan na Jenkins da Puppet

Manufofin -A cikin wannan rukunin, za ku gano game da Shigarwa da Kanfigareshan na Jenkins da Puppet.

Modules - Shigarwa na Jenkins, Gaskewa tare da LDAP, UNIX da sauransu, Hadawa tare da SVN, Tsarin kisa, Tsarin Fitarwa da Kanfigareshan, Puppet ya nuna kuma zane, Puppet tare da SVN.

Labs - Jenkins kafa da saitin, Jenkins da SVN shiga, Jenkins Remote kisa, Gina aiki ta hanyar aika imel, Puppet kafa da Kanfigareshan, Puppet Bayyana bayyane Mai amfani halittar, Tomcat kafa, Apache Server kafa da MySQL Yanayin canje-canje.

6. Gabatarwa zuwa Gwajin aiki tare da Mai yiwuwa da SaltStack

Manufofin - A wannan ɓangaren, za ka gano game da kwayoyi da ƙuƙwalwar mai yiwuwa, Mai yiwuwa Playbooks, Inventory Inventory / Inventory Inventory, Matsaloli Masu Mahimmanci.

Modules - Ayyuka kamar Lamba, Shigarwa mai yiwuwa, Tsarin Sadarwa mai yiwuwa, Kalmomi masu yiwuwa, Ƙididdiga mai yiwuwa / Dandalin Dynamic, Kalmomi masu yiwuwa, Samfurar Samfurori, Saltstack States, SLS da Top takardu, Sunaye suna, Masu amfani, Modules Module, Orchestration.

Labs - Shigarwa mai yiwuwa, Kalmomi masu yiwuwa, Gishiri na Salt, Gudun Gudun.

7. Ganawa tare da Chef

Manufofin - A wannan ɓangaren, za ka gano game da Basics of Chef, Chef Cookbooks, Chef Architecture, Tools - Knife and Scripting and Chef Development Kit.

Modules - Chef Recipes, Chef Cookbooks, Chef Architecture, Tools - Knife da Scripting, Chef Development Kit (ChefDK)

Labs - Dokokin Lissafi na Dokokin: Dokar Kwanni da Kasuwanci.

8. Ana dubawa, Ajiyewa, Tomcat da kuma Kayayyakin Kayan aiki

Manufofin -A cikin wannan rukunin, zamu dauki gander a Kulawa, shigarwa da kuma kimantawa da sauran na'urorin DevOps daban-daban da ke da mahimmanci ga ayyukan yau da kullum. Haka nan za mu dauki gander a kafa Tomcat Server.

Modules - Gabatarwa ga kayan aiki daban-daban, Ganin yadda ake dubawa akan tsarin, Shigar da Saitin Nagios Kulawa don Gudanarwa, Shigarwa na Tomcat Server da kuma zane-zane, Fahimci Openssl da kuma Openssh abubuwa masu mahimmanci, Ku fahimci rsync don ƙarfafawa, Ku fahimci Dokokin kamar: lsof, netstat, fahimtar ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, Free, ta doke, vmstat, iostat, uptime, gano, allon, madauki, Kayan fadi kamar - df, du, mkfs, tune2fs, fdisk, dd, fahimta / da sauransu / umarni, umarni na sama.

Labs - Saitin Syslog da kuma lokuta, Lokaci na nuni, Nagios zane da kuma duba saitin Linux da kuma LDAP haɗin tare da Jenkins.

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