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12 Apr 2018

Nchịkọta mmadụ

Kedu ihe bụ ụmụ mmadụ?

Ebumnuche Ọmụmụ

  • Clarify the part of HRM in organizations.
  • Characterize and examine a portion of the major HRM exercises.

Each association, huge or little, utilizes an assortment of funding to influence the business to work. Capital incorporates money, assets, or products used to create pay for a business. For instance, a retail location utilizes registers and inventory, while a counseling firm may have restrictive programming or structures. Regardless of the business, all organizations make them thing in like manner: they should have individuals to make their capital work for them. This will be our concentration all through the content: age of income using relationship building abilities’ and capacities.

What Is HRM?

Human Resource management (HRM) is the way toward utilizing individuals, preparing them, remunerating them, creating policies identifying with them, and creating procedures to hold them. As a field, HRM has experienced numerous progressions throughout the most recent twenty years, giving it a considerably more critical part in the present organizations. Before, HRM implied handling finance, sending birthday presents to representatives, orchestrating organization trips, and ensuring shapes were rounded out accurately—at the end of the day, a greater amount of a managerial part as opposed to a vital part vital to the achievement of the association. Jack Welch, previous CEO of General Electric and management master, entireties up the new part of HRM: “Escape the gatherings and birthday events and enlistment frames.… Remember, HR is critical in great circumstances, HR is characterized in tough circumstances” (Frasch, et. al., 2010).

It’s important to call attention to here, at the earliest reference point of this content, each director has some part identifying with human resource management. Because we don’t have the title of HR director doesn’t mean we won’t play out all or if nothing else a portion of the HRM assignments. For instance, most supervisors manage remuneration, inspiration, and maintenance of workers—making these viewpoints part of HRM as well as a component of management. Thus, this book is similarly vital to somebody who needs to be a HR administrator and to somebody who will deal with a business.

 

The Role of HRM

Remember that numerous elements of HRM are likewise errands other office chiefs perform, which is the thing that makes this data essential, in spite of the vocation way taken. Most specialists concur on seven primary parts that HRM plays in organizations. These are portrayed in the accompanying segments.

mbanye

You require individuals to perform errands and complete work in the association. Indeed, even with the most modern machines, humans are as yet required. Along these lines, one of the significant undertakings in HRM is staffing. Staffing includes the whole procuring process from presenting an occupation on arranging a compensation bundle. Inside the staffing capacity, there are four fundamental advances:

Improvement of a staffing plan. This arrangement enables HRM to perceive what number of individuals they should employ in light of income desires.

Ọganihu nke atumatu iji mesie ọtụtụ omenala na-arụ ọrụ. Okpukpe di iche iche na-arusi aka na-akawanye njọ, ebe anyi nwere otutu mmadu ndi mmadu sitere na otutu ihe ndi ozo.

Nhọrọ. Nke a na-agụnye ịchọta ndị mmadụ iji mejupụta ọnọdụ ndị ahụ.

Mkpebi. N'oge a, a ga-ezute ma họrọ ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu, a ga-ahazikwa nkwekọrịta mmezi kwesịrị ekwesị. A na-esiwanye n'usoro a site n'ịkwadebe, ndozi, na n'ike mmụọ nsọ.

Advancement of Workplace Policies

Mkpakọrịta ọ bụla nwere atumatu iji kwenye na ezi uche na mmekọrịta dị n'ime mkpakọrịta ahụ. Otu n'ime ọrụ nke HRM bụ ịmepụta verbiage gụnyere iwu ndị a. Na ọganihu nke atumatu, HRM, njikwa, na ndị isi na-ejikọta usoro. Dị ka ọmụmaatụ, ọkachamara HRM ga-achọpụta ihe ọ chọrọ maka atụmatụ ma ọ bụ ọdịiche dị na nkwekọrịta, chọpụta mmetụta maka ịbịaru nso, dezie usoro ahụ, mgbe nke ahụ gasịkwara ịbịakwute ndị ọrụ. O di nkpa iburu n'uche ebe ndi mmadu no na ndi mmadu abughi na ha enweghi ike isi oru. Ihe niile ha na-eme dị mkpa iji tinye akụkụ ọ bụla ọzọ na mkpakọrịta. Usoro ole na ole nke atumatu ọrụ nwere ike ịbụ na - eso:

  • Kụzie usoro ụzọ
  • Oge njem njem
  • Uwe akwa
  • Ụdị omume
  • Ntughari ojiji weebụ

Remuneration and Benefits Administration

Ndị ọkachamara HRM aghaghị ikwenye na ụgwọ ọrụ bụ ihe ezi uche dị na ya, na-ezute ụlọ ọrụ ụlọ ọrụ, ọ dịkwa oke elu iji dọọ mmadụ n'ọrụ iji rụọ ọrụ maka mkpakọrịta ahụ. Inye ego na-etinye ihe ọ bụla onye ọrụ na-enweta maka ọrụ ya. Ọzọkwa, ndị ọkachamara nke HRM aghaghị ijide n'aka na ịkwụ ụgwọ ahụ bụ ihe yiri nke ahụ na ihe ndị ọzọ na-arụ ọrụ yiri nke a na-akwụ ụgwọ. Nke a na-agụnye ịmepụta usoro nkwụnye ego nke na-atụgharị uche na ọtụtụ afọ site na mkpakọrịta, afọ nke ahụmahụ, ntụziaka, na ntụgharị ihu. Ụgwọ nke ụgwọ ọrụ onye ọrụ na-agụnye:

  • ụgwọ
  • Uru ọgwụ
  • 401 (k) (ezumike nká)
  • Atụmatụ ịzụta zụrụ ahịa
  • Wepu oge
  • Ghichapụ akwụkwọ
  • Ụgwọ Ọrụ
  • Ịkwụ ụgwọ ụgwọ akwụkwọ

Ebe ọ bụ na nke a abụghị usoro zuru ezu, a na-enyocha ụgwọ iji nyere aka na Isi 6 "Ụgwọ na Uru".

mmezi

Nlekọta na-agụnye ịdebe na ịmegharị ndị ọrụ iji nọgide na mkpakọrịta. Inye ego bụ nchebara echiche maka nhazi nke ndị nnọchiteanya, ma enwerekwa ihe dị iche iche. 90% nke ndị ọrụ na-ahapụ otu nzukọ maka ihe ndị na-esonụ:

  • Ihe gbasara ọrụ ha na-eme
  • Nsogbu ha na onyeisi ha
  • Ogbenye ekwesighi na omenala hierarch
  • Ọnọdụ na-adịghị mma ọrụ

N'agbanyeghị nke a, 90 pasent nke ndị ọchịchị na-eche na ndị nnọchiteanya na-ahapụ n'ihi ụgwọ (Rivenbark, 2010). N'ikpeazụ, ndị isi na-agbakarị gbanwee ego ha ji akwụ ụgwọ iji chebe ndị mmadụ ịhapụ, mgbe ụgwọ ọrụ abụghị ihe kpatara ha ji ahapụ ya. Akụkụ 7 "Nyocha na Ntugharị" na Isi nke 11 "Nyochaa Ọrụ" na-enyocha usoro ole na ole iji jide ndị nnọchiteanya kachasị mma na ihe anọ ndị a.

Learning and Development

Mgbe anyị tinyeworo ume iji nweta ndị nnọchianya ọhụrụ, ọ dị anyị mkpa iji hụ na ha dị njikere ịrụ ọrụ ahụ nakwa ịmalite ịzụlite na ịmalite ọganihu ọhụrụ na ọrụ ha. Ihe ndị a na arụmọrụ dị elu maka mkpakọrịta ahụ. Na-akwadebe bụ ihe mmeghe nke ọrụ ndị ọrụ. Ndị nnọchianya ndị chere na ha na-ewuli ha ngwa ngwa nwere ọchịchọ nke inwe ọṅụ karị n'ọrụ ha, nke na-eweta ọhụụ ndị ọrụ na-agbasawanye. Usoro nke ịkwadebe oru nwere ike itinye ihe ndị a:

  • Ngwá ọrụ ọrụ nke na-akwadebe, dịka ọmụmaatụ, otu esi agba ọsọ otu usoro PC
  • Na-akwadebe na ozi
  • Ụlọ ọrụ ụlọ
  • Nhazi na ihe ziri ezi na-akwadebe, dịka ọmụmaatụ, omume na-ezighị ezi na-akwadebe na omume na-akwadebe

Managing Laws Affecting Employment

Ndị mmadụ nwere ike ịma banyere iwu ọ bụla nke na-emetụta ọrụ. Onye ọkachamara HRM nwere ike ịrụ ọrụ ụfọdụ n'ime iwu ndị a:

  • Iwu nkewa
  • Nlekọta ọrụ ọgwụ
  • Na-akwụ ụgwọ ndị dị mkpa, dịka ọmụmaatụ, ụgwọ kachasị ụgwọ nke iwu kwadoro
  • Iwu nchekwa ọrụ
  • Iwu ọrụ

Ọnọdụ ziri ezi nke HRM na-agbanwe agbanwe mgbe niile, ya mere, HRM kwesịrị ịma nke ọma banyere mgbanwe ndị na-eme, mgbe nke ahụ gasịkwara ọganihu ndị a gaa na njikọ ọrụ niile. Dịka ikwe ka ịmepụta akụkụ nke gbasara iwu HRM, anyị ga-aza iwu ndị a n'akụkụ ọ bụla dị mkpa.

Mmekọahụ

Ndị ọzọ karịa akụkụ ndị a, ikike dị ukwuu na mmekorita na nlekọta ọrụ dị egwu bụ ihe dị oké egwu maka nchịkwa ego ndị mmadụ dị irè nakwa na nchịkọta izugbe.

Familiarity with External Factors

N'agbanyeghị na ilekọta ihe ndị dị n'ime ya, onye nchịkwa na-ahụ maka ndị ọrụ Nchịkwa chọrọ ịtụle ike ndị ọzọ na-egwu egwu nke nwere ike imetụta mkpakọrịta ahụ. Ike ndị dị n'èzí, ma ọ bụ nsụgharị ndị dị n'èzí, bụ ihe ndị ahụ nzukọ ahụ anaghị achịkwa ozugbo; n'ọnọdụ ọ bụla, ha nwere ike ịbụ ihe ndị nwere ike imetụta ihe onwunwe ụmụ mmadụ n'ụzọ siri ike ma ọ bụ nwee nsogbu. Mgbanwe ndị dị n'èzí nwere ike itinye ihe ndị a:

  • Ijikọ ụwa ọnụ na nkwarụ
  • Mgbanwe na iwu azụmahịa
  • Ọrụ ọgwụ na-akwụ ụgwọ
  • Onye nnọchiteanya chọrọ
  • Ọkara dị iche iche nke ndị ọrụ
  • Ịgbanwe ego nke ndị ọrụ ego
  • Onye oru nlekota ndi mmadu ndi ozo di n'uwa
  • Ntucha na azụ azụ
  • Innovation tinye, dịka ọmụmaatụ, ihe nkwụnye data HR
  • Ịmụbawanye iji ọrụ nke nkwurịta okwu na-ezighi ezi na-agbasa iji kesaa data nye ndị ọrụ

 

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