ທັກສະດ້ານການຈັດການໂຄງການ:ຫົວຂໍ້ວິທີການຜູ້ບໍລິຫານທຸລະກິດ (PM) ເຮັດວຽກຢູ່ໃນໂຄງປະກອບທີ່ມີປະສິດທິພາບຫຼືໂຄງປະກອບຂອງໂຄງຂ່າຍທີ່ມີລະບົບຕາຂ່າຍໄຟຟ້າໄດ້ເຮັດໃຫ້ເພື່ອນຮ່ວມງານປະຕິບັດໄດ້ຖືກຖາມຢູ່ໃນປະຕິບັດທຸກຊັ້ນບໍລິຫານທຸລະກິດທີ່ຂ້ອຍໄດ້ແນະນໍາ.
ກິດຈະກໍາພາຍໃນຂອງສະມາຄົມສ່ວນຫຼາຍແມ່ນດໍາເນີນຢູ່ໃນບາງປະເພດຂອງເຄືອຂ່າຍ utilitarian, ເຄືອຂ່າຍທີ່ອ່ອນເພຍຫຼືໂຄງສ້າງໂຄງສ້າງໂຄງສ້າງທີ່ຖືກປັບ. ນີ້ສະແດງໃຫ້ເຫັນເພື່ອນຮ່ວມງານຕອບກັບຜູ້ອໍານວຍການທີ່ເປັນປະໂຫຍດຜູ້ທີ່ຄວບຄຸມວຽກຂອງພວກເຂົາ, ການປະຕິບັດການປະຕິບັດ, ການຍົກຍ້ອງ, ລາງວັນ, ແລະອື່ນໆ. ເຖິງຈຸດນີ້, PMມັນມີສ່ວນປະກອບນ້ອຍໆຕໍ່ຂັ້ນຕອນໃດໆເຫຼົ່ານີ້.
ຂໍ້ສະເຫນີທໍາອິດຂອງຂ້ອຍສໍາລັບ PMs who end up in this circumstance is to survey what the Project Management Institute (PMI) needs to say in regards to the specialist of a PM. This can be found on pages 283 and 284 in A Guide to the ການຄຸ້ມຄອງໂຄງການຮ່າງກາຍຂອງຄວາມຮູ້ (PMBOK Guide)-Fifth Edition The PMBOK® Guide proposes that PMs utilize a blend of specialized, individual, and connectional aptitudes to cooperate suitably with and oversee extend colleagues. SMEs recommends PMs sanction three abilities or parts for achievement:
3 Project Manager Skills to Improve Project Team Success
1. Be a pioneer
- Social impact – PMs can influence extend colleagues’ feelings, conclusions and conduct. PMs can utilize social impact from numerous points of view, for example, congruity, socialization, peer weight, dutifulness and influence to impact extend colleagues to perform.
- Construct a dream – PMs must have the capacity to see final products. PMs can’t provide guidance on the venture travel without knowing the particular goal.
- Set a course – PMs can express essentially and obviously where the group is going and give direction on the most proficient method to arrive.
- Rouse – PMs need to get things going. Rousing colleagues can take a few structures, for example, making individuals need to get things done, filling individuals with the inclination to get things done and giving thoughts regarding accomplishing something.
- Mentor/Motivate – PMs can mentor and rouse others. They can give training or advancement to venture colleagues by supporting them in accomplishing regular venture objectives. They can share encounters, offer exhortation, give direction and share their skill.
- Help and bolster others – PMs must give help and support to venture colleagues in their endeavors to accomplish regular venture objectives. This sends the message that accomplishment of shared results must be expert by a collaboration. PMs bolster extend colleagues, and thusly, extend colleagues bolster them.
- Achieve shared objectives – PMs set objectives that are detectable and have quantifiable final products. Objectives can have at least one goals to be accomplished inside a settled time span. This gives extend colleagues a feeling of having a place.
- Controls and coordinates others – PMs lead the group by giving guidance, initiative and exhortation. PMs appear and clarify what, when, where, and how.
2. Be persuasive
- Be persuasive – PMs can convince. This procedure is utilized to change states of mind toward an occasion by utilizing composed or talked word and should be possible to pass on data, sentiments, thinking or a blend of these.
- Unmistakably eloquent focuses/positions – PMs should express thoughts basically, plainly and viably utilizing straightforward terms.
- Utilize undivided attention – PMs ought to completely focus on what is being said as opposed to simply “hearing” the message of the speaker. Through focus, the PM will get the genuine significance of the discussion. This can be utilized to show respect for the speaker, which will help in growing great relations with venture colleagues.
- Mindfulness/Consideration of different positions – PMs must make themselves mindful of and give appropriate thought to focuses raised by other venture colleagues. In doing as such, the PM expands group attachment by sending the message that he or she regards the venture colleagues’ conclusions and info.
- Address just imperative issues – PMs must utilize their capacity to recognize the contrast between vital issues from the irrelevant or clamorous. At the point when the venture group sees this capacity, it builds their regard and regard for the PM.
- Achieve assentions – PMs will consult with everybody including colleagues. PMs should utilize their capacity to achieve agrees with individuals from alternate points of view to touch base at understandings.
3. Be a chief
- Receive these eight stages to settle on your most grounded choices:
- Distinguish and clear up the issue.
- Decide the way of the issue and break it into littler pieces.
- Plan questions, accumulate data and transform it into data.
- Order/compose/gather/abridge data and utilize it successfully.
- Conceptualize and utilize horizontal intuition to decide the perfect approach to determine the issue as though time and assets were not an imperative.
- Choose if extra data would fundamentally help the arrangement.
- Consider the greater part of the choices; pick the one that nearly coordinates the perfect arrangement.
- Execute the choice; keep an eye on how well the picked arrangement settled the issue.
- Utilizing a mix of administration, impact and basic leadership relational abilities will improve a venture director’s probability of group achievement. At the point when colleagues see the venture supervisor utilizing an all around reported, demonstrated and straightforward approach, their regard and purchase in for that part and venture will increment.