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5 Apr 2017

Mmene Mungakulitsire Gulu la Project Project Kupambana pogwiritsa ntchito luso la Project Manager

Maluso a Mtsogoleri wa Project:Mutu wa momwe mtsogoleri wogwira ntchito (PM) kumagwira ntchito yokhazikika kapena yothandizira otsogolera omwe amachititsa ochita nawo ntchito kumafunsidwa mu kalasi iliyonse yoyang'anira ntchito yomwe ndaphunzitsa.

Ambiri maubwenzi 'mkati mwa ntchito amagwiritsidwa ntchito mumtundu wina wogwiritsira ntchito, wofooka kapena machitidwe ovomerezeka. Izi zikutanthawuza kuti anzanu apange yankho kwa wotsogolera wothandiza amene amayang'anira ntchito zawo, mayesero a ntchito, kuwukitsa, mphoto, ndi zina zotero. Mpaka pano, PMs sankathandiza kwenikweni pa njira iliyonseyi.

Ndondomeko yanga yoyamba PMS omwe amathera pazifukwa izi ndi kufufuza zomwe Project Management Institute (PMI) iyenera kunena ponena za katswiri wa PM. Izi zingapezeke pamasamba 283 ndi 284 mu Buku lotsogolera Project Management Body of Knowledge (Buku la PMBOK®)- Edition lachisanu. The PMBOK® Bukuli limapereka mwayi woti PMs agwiritse ntchito mwapadera, munthu aliyense, komanso wogwirizana kuti agwirizane bwino ndi kuyang'anira anzawo omwe akuwathandiza. SMEs amalimbikitsa PMs kuvomereza maluso atatu kapena mbali kuti apindule:

Uphunzitsi wa Project Project 3 Kuti Pulogalamu Yathu Yogwira Ntchito Ikhale Yabwino

1. Khalani mpainiya

  • Zotsatira za anthu - PMs amatha kuwonjezera maganizo, zolingalira ndi zochita za anzawo. Amayi angagwiritse ntchito malingaliro amtundu wa anthu kuchokera m'maganizo ambiri, mwachitsanzo, congruity, socialization, anzawo, kutengeka ndi mphamvu kuti athandize anzawo kugwira ntchito.
  • Pangani maloto - PMs ayenera kukhala ndi mphamvu zowona zomaliza. PMs sangathe kupereka chitsogozo pa ulendo wogulitsa popanda kudziwa cholinga chenicheni.
  • Ikani maphunziro - PMs akhoza kufotokozera momveka bwino ndikuwonekera kumene gulu likupita ndikupereka malangizo pa njira yabwino kwambiri yodziwira.
  • Yuka - PMs amafunika kuti zinthu zichitike. Kulimbikitsana kumatha kutenga zinthu zingapo, mwachitsanzo, kupanga anthu kuti achite zinthu, kudzaza anthu ndi chilakolako chochita zinthu ndi kupereka maganizo okhudzana ndi kukwaniritsa chinachake.
  • Mentor / Motivate - PMs akhoza kulangiza ndi kukweza ena. Amatha kupereka maphunziro kapena kupita patsogolo kuti agwire nawo ntchito pothandizira kukwaniritsa zolinga zawo. Amatha kuyanjana, kupereka chilimbikitso, kupereka malangizo ndi kugawana luso lawo.
  • Thandizani ndi kulimbikitsa ena - PMs ayenera kuthandiza ndi kuthandizira kuti agwire nawo ntchito zawo kuti akwaniritse zolinga zawo. Izi zimatumiza uthenga wokwaniritsa zotsatira zomwe zigawidwa ziyenera kukhala katswiri mwa mgwirizano. Mabungwe a PMs amalimbikitsana anzawo, ndipo motero amalimbikitsa anzawo kuwalimbikitsa.
  • Kukwaniritsa zolinga - PMs amapanga zolinga zomwe zimawoneka ndipo zimakhala zomaliza zogulitsa. Zolinga zikhoza kukhala ndi zolinga chimodzi zomwe ziyenera kukwaniritsidwa mkati mwa nthawi yoikidwiratu. Izi zimapereka owonjezera anzake kumverera kukhala ndi malo.
  • Kulamulira ndi kuwonetsa ena - PMs atsogolere gululi popereka chitsogozo, chilimbikitso ndi chilimbikitso. PMs akuwonekera ndikuwunikira kuti, liti, kuti, ndi motani.

2. Khalani okonzeka

  • Khalani okonzeka - PMs akhoza kukhulupirira. Ndondomekoyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kusintha ndondomeko ya malingaliro pa nthawi ina pogwiritsira ntchito zolembedwa kapena zoyankhulidwa ndipo ziyenera kukhala zotheka kudutsa deta, malingaliro, kuganiza kapena kuphatikiza kwa izi.
  • Kunena mosapita m'mbali - Mabungwe a PMs ayenera kufotokozera malingaliro mwachidziwikire, momveka bwino ndikugwiritsira ntchito mfundo zosavuta.
  • Gwiritsani ntchito chidwi - PMs ayenera kuganizira mozama za zomwe zanenedwa mosiyana ndi "kumva" uthenga wa wokamba nkhaniyo. Kupyolera mu kuyang'ana, PM adzapeza tanthauzo lenileni la zokambirana. Izi zingagwiritsidwe ntchito posonyeza ulemu kwa wokamba nkhani, zomwe zidzakuthandizani kuti mukulitsa ubale wabwino ndi ogwirizana nawo ntchito.
  • Kusamala / Kuganizira malo osiyanasiyana - PMs ayenera kudziganizira okha ndi kupereka lingaliro loyenera kuti liwoneke bwino ndi anzawo ena ogwira ntchito. Pochita zimenezi, PM akukulitsa chiphatikizidwe cha gulu pomutumizira uthenga kuti iye amavomereza zogwirizana ndi anzawo ogwirizana ndi mfundo.
  • Lembani nkhani zokhazokha - Amayi ayenela kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zawo pozindikira kusiyana pakati pa nkhani zofunika ndi zosafunika kapena zosangalatsa. Pa nthawi yomwe gulu lachitetezo liwona mphamvuyi, limapangitsa ulemu wawo ndikumvetsera za PM.
  • Pezani ziganizo - PMs adzafunsana ndi aliyense kuphatikizapo anzake. Amayi akuyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zawo kuti akwaniritse amavomereza ndi anthu omwe akuchokera kumbali zina kuti akhudzidwe kumvetsetsa.

3. Khalani mfumu

  • Landirani magawo asanu ndi atatu awa kuti mukhazikitse pazomwe mumasankha:
  • Kusiyanitsa ndikutsutsa nkhaniyi.
  • Sankhani njira ya nkhaniyi ndi kuiphwanya m'magawo.
  • Konzani mafunso, yesani deta ndikusandutsa deta.
  • Lembani / kulembani / kusonkhanitsa / dera lamtunda ndikugwiritsa ntchito bwino.
  • Kulingalira ndi kugwiritsa ntchito chidziwitso chophweka kuti mupeze njira yabwino yodziwira nkhani ngati kuti nthawi ndi katundu sizinali zoyenera.
  • Sankhani ngati deta yowonjezera ingathandize kwambiri dongosololi.
  • Taganizirani mbali yaikulu ya zosankha; sankhani zomwe zikugwirizana kwambiri ndi dongosolo langwiro.
  • Chitani chisankho; Onetsetsani kuti zomwe zakusankhidwazi zathetsa vutoli.
  • Kugwiritsira ntchito makonzedwe a mautumiki, zotsatira ndi utsogoleri wapamtima wa utsogoleri udzakhala ndi mwayi wotsogolera wogwira ntchito. Pomwe anthu ogwira nawo ntchito akuwona woyang'anira ntchito akuyendayenda, akuwonetseratu, akuwonekera mwachidwi, momwe akugwiritsira ntchito ndi kugula kwa gawolo ndikuyamba kuwonjezera.

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