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11 Apr 2017

Kodi Quality Management Management ndi chiyani?

Utsogoleri Wabwino wa Ntchito:Utsogoleri wamakono wamakono komanso machitidwe oyendetsera ntchito ndi ofunika kwambiri. Zonsezi zimatsindika kukhulupirika kwa ogula komanso kukhudzidwa kwakukulu kuti khalidwe limalimbikitsa kukhulupirika kwa ogulitsa. Cholinga chachikulu mu bungwe labwino ndikutsimikizira kuti malondawo akukamba nkhani zomwe poyamba zinapangidwira kuti zisakumane ndi kanthu, kopanda kanthu. Kumapeto kwa tsikuli, kuti mupereke luso labwino, muyenera kuthetsa nkhani za mnzanuyo.

Kusonkhana kapena zofunikira koposa, mulimonsemo, si gawo lina la utsogoleri wabwino. Monga tawonetsedwera ndi A Guide kwa a Project Management Thupi la Chidziwitso (PMBOK® Guide), khalidwe ndi "mlingo umene mawonekedwe a innate amakwaniritsira zofunikira."

Gulu loyang'anira ntchito ndi otsogolera gulu liri ndi udindo wapadera wosintha khalidwe ndi kalasi (kalasi kapena udindo woperekedwa ku zinthu kapena maulamuliro omwe ali ndi zizindikiro zosiyana ndi zomwe zimagwira ntchito). Ntchito imeneyi imatsimikizira kuti zikhumbo zabwino zimakwaniritsidwa.

Izi zikutanthawuza kuti zingakhale zomveka komanso zomveka kuti zikhale ndi khalidwe labwino, lachiwiri, koma siloyenera kukhala ndi chinthu chochepa.

Ntchito Yogwira Ntchito

Kuyambira pachiyambi cha malonda, zosowa zimathetsedwa ndi zibwenzi. Izi zowonjezera zimayambira kukhazikitsidwa kwa ntchito ya malonda. Kuchokera nthawi imeneyo, wogwira ntchito woyang'anira ntchito ndikutsimikizira kuti ntchitoyo yatsirizika popanda zinthu zina zowonjezera. Makhalidwe abwino sali opatsa wothandizira zinthu zina kapena kumaliza ntchito yowonjezera. Lingaliro la zinthu zina ndilo nthawi zambiri malingana ndi malingaliro omwe sangakhale olakwika a zomwe mumakhulupirira kuti ofuna chithandizo akufuna. Zinthu zinazi zikuphatikizapo nthawi, ndalama zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito komanso zotsatira zosiyana ndi zomwe zimachitika koma sizinabweretse kukhulupirika kwa ogulitsa.

Kuwonjezera kayendedwe kapamwamba kuli ndi njira zitatu zofunikira:

  • Konzani kayendedwe ka khalidwe: kuzindikira zoyenera ndi zikhalidwe zapamwamba pazochita ndi chinthu.
  • Pangani kutsimikizira kwapamwamba: Kuwunika zoyenera kuchita ndi zotsatira zowononga khalidwe kuti zitsimikizidwe kuti zitsanzo zoyenerera zimagwiritsidwa ntchito.
  • Makhalidwe apamwamba: kufufuza ndi kulemba zotsatira za zochitika zapamwamba zowonetsera kuperedwa ndikuwonetsa kusintha kwakukulu.

Tanthauzo la khalidwe ndilofunikira kuti timvetse njira zitatu izi. Kuti mukhale ndi mphamvu yosonyeza khalidwe, muyenera kufotokoza momveka bwino kufunika kwa mawu awa:

  • Kuvomereza: kutsimikizira kuti chinthucho chikugwirizana ndi zosamaliridwa pa zofunika
  • Chivomerezo: kusagwirizana ndi zofunikira
  • Kukonzekera: Zowonjezereka pamsonkhanowu
  • Kukonzekera: kuyandikana kwa chiyeso ku ulemu weniweni
  • Kukhazika mtima pansi: kuchuluka kwa zotsatira zokhutiritsa

Ndondomeko yowonetsera kayendetsedwe ka polojekiti ya polojekitiyi imayankha ndondomeko zoyenera zomwe zimakhala zofunikira kuti zitheke. Cholinga chake ndi kupanga kayendedwe kabwino ka mauthenga omwe ali nawo:

  • Momwe gulu lidzagwiritsire ntchito njira yoyenera
  • Momwe khalidwe lazomwe zimagwirira ntchito komanso chinthucho chidzatsimikiziridwa pakati pa chitukuko
  • Zosowa zofunika kuti zitsimikizire khalidwe
  • Zochita zoonjezerazo n'zofunika kuti mukhale ndi makhalidwe abwino

Kusiyanitsa zinthu izi kungapangitse kusintha kwa ndondomeko ya kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kalendala kapena kalendala, yomwe ikugogomezera njira yopititsira patsogolo makonzedwe ndi zolembera zolembera.

Makonzedwewa, monga mbali zosiyana zomwe amapanga pakati pa malo okonzekera, amapangidwa ndi woyang'anira ntchito ndi zopereka kuchokera kwa abwenzi. Mukakonzekera ubwino pazomwe mukufuna kuchita potsata makonzedwe apamwamba omwe apangidwe. Pomwe paliponse kuti bungwe la makampani sililipo, gulu loyendetsera ntchito liyenera kupanga imodzi yokha. Gulu loyendetsa ntchito lingayesetse kusintha njira yomwe ikugwiritsidwira ntchito kuti ikhale yoyenera kutsogolera njira yothetsera.

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