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6 Apr 2017

Mmene Mungayendetse Linux pazomwe, Gawo II: Zambiri

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Ili ndilo gawo limodzi la magawo awiri a blog okonzekera za kuyendetsa Linux pa Azure. Mu gawo loyamba la blog la Gawo I ndinayankhula za zilembo za ikuyendetsa Linux pa Azure. M'ndandanda iyi ndikupita patsogolo kwambiri mu gawo la malingaliro ofunika omwe ndapeza pamene ndikufufuza njira zosiyana Linux pa Azure kudutsa nthawi yayitali.

Kugwirizana

Mbali yozizira yokhudza ikuyendetsa Linux pa Azure ndizomwe zimagwirizanitsa Makina enieni a Linux mu chikhalidwe cha Azure. Ichi ndi chinthu china chimene chinandidabwitsa kwambiri. Ndinkaganiza kuti zinthu za Microsoft zidzakonzedweratu ndi Azure (ndipo zimatero) komabe ndikuyembekeza kuti kusakaniza kwa Linux kungakhale kovuta.

Izi sizinali zovuta. Pali Linux augmentations zomwe zimagwirizana makamaka mu Azure. Izi zimayesedwa pa Linux distros. Mukhoza kuyamba, kutseka komanso kusindikiza zithunzithunzi za Linux kuchokera mkati mwa Azure. Zinthu monga zida za boot ndi miyeso yolemba zidalembedwa Azure ndipo mukhoza kuwona kuchokera mkati mwa Azure Portal.

Pali zosiyana zosiyana, mwachitsanzo, kuwonjezereka kwalemba komwe kumalola zolemba kuti zilowerere mu makina enieni a Linux.

Kusintha

Kwa ine, kuchepa kwapadera ndi mwayi wopambana wa kugawa kompyuta. Kuperekera malire pamene kuli kofunika ndi kupereka-malire malire pamene sikunali kofunikira ndi kulingalira kwa maziko a kompyuta yogawa. Ngakhale makina enieni angathe kuphatikizapo ntchentche yokhala ndi malo osungiramo masewera a seva, kufalitsa makompyuta ambiri kumawongolera njirayi pamene akupha kufunikira kokonza zipangizo ndi mapulogalamu olimbitsa. Makina osungira omwe amatha kusinthana kapena kutsika chifukwa cha katundu, pa kalendala kapena pamalo osokonekera. Mphamvu izi ndizofikira Makina enieni a Windows ndi Linux monga maselo ang'ono. Mapulogalamu a Linux akhoza kutha kapena chifukwa cha zoyezetsa zofunikira, mwachitsanzo, pulosesa kapena kulemera kwake. Linux Azure ikufotokozera chidziwitso chofunikira cha kuphedwa kuchokera ku makina osakanikirana omwe amaikidwa ku Azure ndipo panthawiyo Azure autoscale luso amayesa kulamulira. Mbali yaikulu ya izi ndi yowongoka kwa ntchito yomwe ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pa makina enieni. Apanso, nkhaniyi ndiyikuti maselo a Linux amapangidwa ndipo amachita chimodzimodzi ndi maselo a Windows.

Security

Mwachionekere, Makina enieni a Linux khalani ndi gawo lalikulu la zinthu zotetezeka mu siteji. Zakale kuti Microsoft yayika ndikupitiriza kuika mwakhama. Ichi si chizindikiro chachifundo chokhudza Microsoft. Ogulitsa mtambo amafunika kuchuluka kwa chitetezo kuposa wina aliyense. Mwadzidzidzi kuti pangakhale kusokoneza mauthenga kwa wogulitsa pamenepo wogulitsayo adzalanda komabe adzatha kupulumuka chifukwa chakuti chidziwitso sichinthu chofunikira kwambiri. Mwadzidzidzi kuti pali chidziwitso chodziwika bwino mu Azure, ndiye Azure ayenera kuti afa. Zikakhala kuti makasitomala sakuganiza kuti chuma chawo chimakhala chitetezo mu Azure, iwo sagwiritsa ntchito Azure. Microsoft yapangitsa kuti ziwonekeratu kuti sizikusowa Azure zakufa.

Pali njira ziwiri zogwiritsira ntchito chitetezo mkati mwazomwe mumakhala: chitetezo chinachitidwa mu injini ndi chitetezo pansi pa ulamuliro wanu. Mu injini chitetezo chogwirizana ndi gulu lalikulu la zolemba zamakampani. Sindine munthu wotetezeka koma m'malo mwake zida zowonjezera zowonjezereka zimangowoneka bwino kwambiri kwa ine.

Zikakhala kuti pali zitsimikizo zinazake zomwe mumayenera kuzipeza pali kuwombera bwino komwe Azure ali nazo, kapena posachedwa. Mungathe kupeza chidziwitso chachinsinsi cha chitetezo cha Azure chomwe chimatsimikiziridwa pa https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/TrustCenter/Compliance/default.aspx.

Izi ndizowunikira pang'onopang'ono za gawo lazitsimikizidwe zowonjezera za Azure.

Ngakhale zili zofunikira zokhudzana ndi chitetezo chodziwika mkati mwa Azure, muli ndi zidule zochepa zokhudzana ndi chitetezo zomwe zingagwirizane ndi ntchito yanu ya Linux mu Azure:

Sungani Magulu Otetezeka. Guluzani Magulu Otetezeka kapena a NSG azikhala ngati zozimitsa mkati mwa mawonekedwe a Azure. Miyezo ya NSG ikhoza kuchepetsa kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe kake ka chitukuko ndi cholinga pogwiritsa ntchito adiresi ndi doko. NSG zingathe kugwirizanitsidwa ndi makina opangidwa ndi munthu aliyense kapena kugonjetsa zonse.

Malamulo Otsogolera. Kuwongolera miyezo kumakulolani kuti muyambe ntchito kupyolera kumapeto komaliza kumayang'ana kapena maadiresi mosiyana ndi gwero, cholinga ndi malo. Mwadzidzidzi mutha kukhala ndi makina anu opangira moto kapena makina osungira omwe simungathe kupanga makina ndi machitidwe omwe akutsogoleredwa kuti apange kayendedwe kake.

Tsegulani Ma Adindo a IP. Makina abwino amayendetsa machitidwe. Monga mwachidziwitso machitidwewa sapezeka pa intaneti. Adiresi ya IP yotseguka ikufunika kwa makina onse omwe ali pafupi ndi makina omwe amapezeka.

Anayendetsa magalimoto ovuta kwambiri. Ma drive ovuta tsopano angathe kulembedwa mu Azure kupereka uthenga kwambiri inshuwalansi. Makina opangira ma CD a Linux amagwiritsira ntchito DM-Crypt chowonekera ndipo amatha kupezeka kwa mbale zolimba (VHDs) zomwe zimapangidwa mu Azure kapena VHD zomwe zinali pamtanda womwewo ndipo zinasunthira ku Azure.

DevOps bolster

pakuti Kulowa mu chipinda, kugwiritsira ntchito zibanjo ndi kubwereza n'kofunikira. Mwamwayi kwa Microsoft, pali chiwongolero chotukuka cha maluso omwe amapereka onse awiri. Kuthamanga kuli ndi chithandizo choderako Mkulu ndi Chidole. Azure Momwemonso ali ndi kayendedwe kake kogwiritsira ntchito mphamvu zowonjezera mphamvu zomwe PowerShell zimagwira ntchito. Makina amatha kulowa Makina enieni a Linux kudzera mu kulowetsedwa kwa script ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa boma. Lembani kuti pamodzi ndi dongosolo lofotokozera JSON popanga chitsimikizo chilichonse cha Azure ndi REST-based API pa mphamvu iliyonse ya Azure ndipo pali nkhani yamphamvu yogwiritsira ntchito robotization ndi DevOps.

Tengani zambiri

Pomwe paliponse kuti mwakonzekera kusintha momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito njira za Linux pa Azure, Global Knowledge yasonkhanitsa maphunziro apang'ono, omwe amalingalira kwambiri makamaka pokonza Linux pa Azure. Maphunzirowa akudalira mavuto m'malo momakupangitsani kuti muyambe kuyenda mofulumira. Maphunzirowa amakupatsani zolinga zazikulu ndi ntchito ndikukulolani kuti mupitirize kukonzekera kwanu. Mavutowa amakupatsani thandizo lothandizira monga mukufunira, kuchokera kutanthauzira kwina kwa mawonetsedwe ndi malangizo a nitty gritty kwa ntchito iliyonse yomwe mungafune thandizo lina. Muli ndi mwayi wosankha thandizo lomwe mukufuna, ndipo mukamaliza mayesero mumapereka kafukufuku pamutu wa mutu.

 

Misonkhano Yogwirizana

  • Linux pa Azure: Up ndi Running

  • Linux pa Azure: Security, Scalability and Availability

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