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20 February 2017

Waa maxay Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) | Shahaadada Red Hat

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Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) waa Linux (furfuran furan) qoondaynta ay soo saartay Red Hat waxayna diiradda saartay bandhigga ganacsiga. Red Hat Enterprise Linux waxaa laga saaraa qaabka server loogu talagalay x86, x86-64, Itanium, PowerPC iyo IBM System z, iyo qaybta desktop-ka ee x86 iyo x86-64. Inta badan barnaamijka Red Hat ee taageerada iyo tababarka dhabta ah, oo ay weheliso Barnaamijka Shahaadada Cas ee Red Hat, wuxuu xoogga saaraa marxaladda Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Red Hat Enterprise Linux si joogto ah ayaa loo soo gaabiyaa RHEL, inkastoo xaqiiqda ah in tani aysan ahayn shaqo rasmi ah.

Hawlgalka maamul ee Red Hat Enterprise Linux si ay u qabato magaca hoostiisa ayaa markii hore u galay suuqa "Red Hat Linux Advanced Server". 2003 Red Hat ayaa kusheegay Red Hat Linux Advanced Server oo loo yaqaan "Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS", waxaana ku jira laba nooc oo kala duwan, Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES iyo Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS.

Red Hat waxay isticmaashaa jaangooyooyin adag oo adag si ay u xayiraan dib u soo celin lacag la'aan ah oo ah qaabab rasmi ah oo loogu talagalay Red Hat Enterprise Linux, isla mar ahaantaana si toos ah u bixisa koodhkeeda. Qeybaha hoose waxaa laga dhisi karaa oo dib loo casriyeeyaa iyadoo la gooyey iyada oo aan la soo gabagabeynin qaybo aan lahayn qaybo kala duwan sida Red Hat's. Tusaalooyinka waxaa ku jira faafinta baahinta kooxo sida CentOS iyo Scientific Linux, iyo shirkadaha ganacsiyada sida Oracle Linux, oo aan u dhigin 100% laba isku mid ah oo la mid ah Red Hat Enterprise Linux, maaddaama Oracle uu isticmaalo nidaam aan caadi ahayn (citation loo baahan yahay) si loo calaamadiyo calaamadda Red Hat .

Markii hore, sheyga cas ee Red Hat, oo loo yaqaan 'Red Hat Linux', ayaa loo sameeyay si aan loo heli karin cid kasta oo raba inay soo dejiso, halka Red Hat ay ka heshay taageero. Red Hat ayaa markaa u gudubtay qayb ka mid ah sheyga soo saarka ee Red Hat Enterprise Linux taas oo loogu talagalay in ay noqoto mid joogto ah oo ay la socoto macaamiisha ganacsiga waaweyn iyo Fedora oo ah koox faafin ah oo ay taageerayaan Red Hat. Isticmaalka aaladaha calaamadeynta kiniwadayaasha ayaa si cad u qeexaya Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Tan iyo Red Hat Enterprise Linux si gebi ahaanba loo dhiso barnaamijka xorta ah iyo furan ee barnaamijka, Red Hat wuxuu u heli karaa dhammaan koodhka ilaha si uu uga faa iidaysto iyada oo loo marayo boggeeda FTP qof walba oo u baahan. Sida baahidu tahay, kulanno yar ayaa qaata koodhkan koodhka ah waxayna diyaariyeen qaababka gaarka ah ee Red Hat Enterprise Linux, si joogto ah isbeddelada ugu weyn ee soo noqnoqda ah ee loo soo gudbiyo calaamadaha loo yaqaan "Red Hat's" iyo calaamad u ah nidaamka casriyeynta ee non-Red Hat servers. Rucubyadu waxay ku biireen CentOS (siddeed diisan ee Linux ugu caansan sida Nofeembar 2011), Oracle Linux, Macmiilka Cilmi-baarista, Macmacaanka White-ka Linux, StartCom Enterprise Linux, Pie Box Enterprise Linux, X / OS, Lineox, iyo Bull's XBAS xisaabaadka sare. Dhammaantood waxay bixiyaan qayb xor ah si ay u cusboonaysiiso hagaajinta iyada oo aan kharashka maamulka ujirin ganacsade.

Isbedelka Red Hat Enterprise Linux waa bilaash laakiin haysan wax ganacsi ah ama maamulo latalin oo ka yimaada Red Hat oo aan haysan wax alaab ah, qalab ama shahaadooyin ammaan. Sidoo kale, isbedelka ma helayaan maamulada Red Hat sida Red Hat Network.

Si aan caadi aheyn, Red Hat waxay heshay habab ay ugu hormarinayaan horumarinta qaybta Linux ee 6.0 iyaga oo aan si xor ah u siin dukumintiyada saxda ah si loogu qaabeeyo isbeddelka ay ku leeyihiin kubbadda laydhka, oo kaliya ka saarista sheyada la dhamaystiray qaabka isha. Naqdi ayaa soo jeediyay in tallaabada loo qaaday si loo yareeyo Oracle ee dib-u-cusbooneysiinta tartanka iyo xoojinta maamullada, taasoo intaa ka bedeleysa faafinta. Hase yeeshee, tababaradani waxay u dhigantaa GNU GPL tan iyo koodhka koodhka waxaa lagu tilmaamaa "nooca ugu wanaagsan ee shaqada lagu hagaajinayo", iyo in wareejinta ay wali ku raacdo qeexitaankan.Red Hat CTO Brian Stevens ayaa mar danbe xaqiijiyay isbedel, in xogta gaarka ah, (tusaale ahaan, lagu hagaajiyo xogta) hadda la siin doono in la siiyo macaamiisha si ay u sameeyaan Shirkadda Red Hat waxyaabo badan oo diiradda saaraya tirada soo koraya ee ururada oo bixinaya taageerada alaabta naafanimada leh RHEL. Noocyada CentOS ma aysan lahayn dibad-baxyo isbeddel ah maaddaama ayan horay u soo saarin wax horumarin ah oo gabal gaboobay oo ay bixisay Red Hat. Oracle-ka kooxda ay ku dhawaaqeen bishii November 2012 inay ka soo baxeen lacagta RedPatch, taas oo u oggolaanaysa aragtida guud ee qaybta RHEL inay isbedesho, oo ay kala soocaan hagaajinta.

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