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17 Dec 2017

Koetliso ea Boithaopo ba DevOps

Koetliso ea Boithaopo ba DevOps

Koetliso ea DevOps ea Certification eu thusa hore u fumane poelano e tsoelang pele le ho hlahloba, ho tsamaisa ka nako e telele le tokisetso, ho sebelisa mekhoa ea ho hlahloba ka nako e tsoelang pele, mohlala, GIT, Jenkins, Puppet, Chef, Docker, Ansible, SaltStack le Nagios ho robotifatsa mehato e mengata ea SDLC.

Mabapi le Koetliso ea Sekolo sa DevOps

DevOps ke mosebetsi oa ho kopanya ka bobeli Boemo le Ts'ebetso ea Ts'ebetso. Koetliso ena e reretsoe ho u etsa setsebi sa DevOps ka ho u fa matsoho ho lokisetsa lisebelisoa tse hlahisitsoeng e le karolo ea bophelo ba bophelo ba DevOps.

Tlhahlobo lintlha

SETSEBISO sa bona sa DevOps se thehiloeng se reretsoe ho u thusa hore u fetohe setsebi sa DevOps. Har'a thupelo ena, mong'a rona DevOps matichere a tla u thusa:

  1. Utloisisa maikutlo le litlhoko tsa DevOps
  2. Hlahloba se hlokahalang bakeng sa DevOps le mathata a nnete a letsatsi le letsatsi ao a a rarollang
  3. Ithute ho theha le ho seta lisebelisoa tse tloaelehileng tse kang Apache, & Nginx bakeng sa Khoebo.
  4. Ithute lihlahisoa tse ngata tsa DevOps tse kang Jenkins, Puppet, Chef, Ansible, SaltStack, Nagios le GIT
  5. Etsa hore ho be le moralo oa mekhoa ea ho fetola, ho theha le litokisetso
  6. Ithute Menahano ea Boipheliso
  7. Tokisetso ea ho hlophisa le ho bokella, motsoako o tsitsitseng o sebelisang GIT
  8. Hlahisa Tshebetso le ho beha ts'ireletso ea motheo bakeng sa lisebelisuoa
  9. Tlhokomeliso ea ts'ebetso ea seva e sebelisang Melao e tsejoang ka mokhoa o tummeng e le Infrastructure e le Khoutu
  10. Hlahloba litlhoko le maikutlo a ho Hlahloba le ho kena.

Hantle le lihlooho tse boletsoeng ka holimo, ho u thusa hore u fumane li-device tse tsebahalang haholo tsa DevOps, ka tsela e tšoanang u tla fumana lithuto tse eketsehileng tsa 4 tse ikarabellang tse kenyeletsang lipolelo, lirekoto tsa sehlopha, likabelo, likarabo tsa lisebelisoa tse tsamaeang le tsona:

  1. Docker Mantsoe a qalang, mekhoa ea boleng bo botle, a khetholle har'a Xen & KVM, Cloud Virtualization.
  2. Ea nahanang Mokhoa oa ho qala, ho beha le ho etsa libuka, libuka tsa lipapali tse nang le bokooa, li-module tsa 37 tse nang le mekhoa e fapaneng, mesebetsi e sa tšoaneng le tšebeliso ea taelo ea litaelo.
  3. hlooho Mantsoe a qalang, Ho aha Bukana ea Cook, Node Object le Search, Matla a Boitsebiso, Tikoloho ea Chef, Mesebetsi, Ho romela Node ho Phatlalatsa le ho sebelisa Sesebelisoa sa Open Source Chef.
  4. Puppet Ho koahela mekhoa ea litsebo tsa lipapali le ho potoloha, Puo ea Lipapali, Tikoloho e khethollang li-Node le Modules, Ho fana ka Websaete ea Websaete le ho Etsa Li-Modules khahlanong le Mongolo oa Lipapali.

Ke mang ea lokelang ho ea thutong ee?

DevOps lingaka ke tse ling tsa litsebi tsa litsebo tsa litsebo tse ngata ka ho fetisisa kajeno, 'me thahasello ea maraka bakeng sa bona e ntse e hōla ka potlako. Ka ho eketseha ha likarolo tse ncha tsa ho sebetsa ho potoloha logic ea DevOps, mang kapa mang ea batlang ho kenella likarolong tsena tse ncha, a ka nka thupelo ena ea DevOps. Tse ling tsa likarolo tsena ke:

  1. Moqapi oa DevOps
  2. Moenjiniere oa lik'homphieutha
  3. Testing Tester
  4. Moenjiniere oa Tšireletso
  5. Setsebi sa Kopano
  6. Motsamaisi oa Tlosa

Litlhokahalo tsa pele

Ha ho na litlhoko tse khethehileng tse ka qetellang ka ho hlaka e le ngaka ea DevOps. Motho leha e le ofe ea nang le ts'ebeliso e kholo ho IT kapa tlhahisoleseding ea bohlokoa eaLinux le Networking e ka fetoha ngaka ea DevOps.

Eketsa Mosebetsi

  1. E-ba le sebapali sa maqephe a bolotsana sebelisa Apache Web Server.
  2. Qala script shell e tlaleha:
    • Mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea setheo e khetholloang le mofani le OS.
    • Lintlha tse bontšitsoeng ka mojaro ho seva.
    • Mefuta e meholo ea 5 e nang le likhoele tse ngata haholo.
    • Hlophisa mebuso ka mohopolo
  3. Hlalosa Nagios ka hubu ea VM bakeng sa ho sheba parameter e fapaneng ea VM.

Ho fana ka Koetliso ea Litlhahlobo - Thupelo ea Thupelo

1. Kenyelletso ea DevOps le Litlhoko tsa eona

Sepheo -Molaung ona, o tla hlokomela hore na DevOps ke eng, mme likarolo tsa DevOps, litaba tsa letsatsi le letsatsi le likarabo tsa bona. Ka ho tšoanang le uena u tla tseba ka mekhoa e fapaneng ea motheo le ho utloisisa ho ba teng le ho fumaneha.

Lihlooho - Ho itšetleha ka mekhoa ea boipheliso, ho itšetleha ka mekhoa ea boipheliso, ho fana ka mathata le tharollo, ho etsa phetoho ea likoloto, ho khetholla lithibelo tsa sechaba le ho li otla, ho aha boikarabello le ts'episo, ho utloisisa mekhoa ea litšebeletso le mathata a eona pono.

Labs - Subnetting.

2. Utloisisa basebeletsi ba tloaelehileng ba lichelete

Sepheo - Molaung ona, o tla fumana ka litšebeletso tse fapaneng tsa Basebeletsi ba Ts'ebeliso ea Sechaba, Ts'ebetso ea Ts'ebetso le Khabiso.

Modules - Ho sebetsa ka DNS Server ho Internet Scale, DNS Installation, DNS Configuration, DNS Tuning le Geolocation. Tšoara Litšebeletso tsa Websaete tse kang Apache, Ngnix le mekhoa ea bona e sa tšoaneng, Lokisa Apache & Nginx bakeng sa Khoebo, Ho Lekanngoa ha Mojaro ka HA Proxy le Setup NFS bakeng sa tlhahiso ea bokhoni.

Labs - DNS Ho kenya le ho ikamahanya, DNS Master / Slave Configuration, Setup sa Websaeteng ea HTTPD, Setupong sa Proxy HA - Tsela ea bobeli ea ho lokisa le ho kenya TTP le Ngnix Installation le Setting.

3. Hlahisa ho iketsetsa mehaho le lisebelisoa

Sepheo sa ho Ithuta - Moqolong ona, o tla fumana ka ho iketsetsa ho kenya lisebelisoa tsa Servers, Continuous Integration, Setting Deployments le Packaging.

Modules - Ho kenya Linux Servers ho sebelisa boitsebiso ba PXE kapa ho qalisa ts'ebetso, ts'ebetso ea Yum archive le Boitsebiso bo tsitsitseng bo ntlafatso. Tokiso ea SVN le GIT.

Labs - Mekhoa ea ho kenya Linux - Setupong sa PXE (Preboot Execution Environment) le Linux Repository Setup.

4. Tšoara lisebelisoa tsa ho etsa litšebeletso le ts'ireletso ea bohlokoa bakeng sa lisebelisuoa

Sepheo - Molaung ona, o tla fumana likarolo tsa Ts'ebetso ea Lisebelisuoa ho tloha sebakeng sa Pono ea Khoebo le Ts'ebetsong ea Tšireletso ho etsa hore tikoloho e bolokehe haholoanyane.

Modules - Sesebelisoa sa Tshebetso se lokisa maikutlo le ho Ameha, Mefuta ea Batlatsi ba Disk, Liketsahalo tsa Tšebeliso le Ts'ebetso, Lisebelisoa tsa Ts'ebetso le Khothatso ea bona, Utloisisa Tšireletseho boleng ba OS le Network, Lokisa Linux tsa Firewall le litebello tse ling tsa ts'ireletso bakeng sa boemo bo sireletsehileng.

Labs - Lisebelisoa tsa Ts'ebetso ea Motlakase, SVN le Git Configuration le IP Tables.

5. Ho thehoa le ho etsoa ha Jenkins le Puppet

Sepheo -Molaung ona, o tla fumana ka ho kenya le ho setsetsa Jenkins le Puppet.

Modules - Ho kenngoa ha Jenkins, Bopaki ba LDAP, UNIX le tse ling, Tšebelisano le SVN, Ts'ebetso ea maeto a malelele, Ts'ebetso ea lipapali le Tlhophiso, Lipapali tsa papali le lipapiso, Lipapali le SVN.

Labs - Jenkins e thehiloeng le ho setsetsa, Jenkins le SVN ho kena, ts'ebetso ea Jenkins Remote, Ho haha ​​mosebetsi ka ho romella imeile, Motheo oa lipapali le Tlhophiso, Lipapali li bonts'a lipapiso Pōpo ea basebetsi, Tomcat e thehiloeng, Apache Server e thehiloeng le MySql Parameter liphetoho.

6. Kenyelletso ho Automation le Anable le SaltStack

Sepheo - Molaung ona, o tla fumana ka linate le li-bolts tsa Libuka tse sa utloisisoang, tse khonang ho bapala, Li-Inventory tse sa utloahaleng / Dynamic Inventory, Lihlahisoa tse sa sebetseng.

Modules - Lisebelisuoa tsa motheo joaloka khoutu, ho khoneha ho kenyeletsoa, ​​mokhoa o sa khonehang oa puisano, libuka tsa lipapali tse nang le bokooa, ho kenya lintho tse nang le boitsebiso bo matla, mekhoa e nang le mekhoa e metle, mekhoa e mengata ea ho ngola, li-SALTStack States, SLS le litokomane tse phahameng, libaka tsa mabitso, li-Renderers, Templating Modules, Orchestration.

Labs - Ho khoneha ho kenyeletsoa, ​​Libuka tsa lipapali tse nang le bokooa, Setsi sa letsoai, Sesebelisoa sa letsoai.

7. Mechanization le Chef

Sepheo - Molaung ona, u tla fumana ka lintlha tsa motheo tsa Chef, Chef Cookbooks, Chef Architecture, Tools - Lisebelisoa le Seteete sa Tlhahlobo le Tlhahlobo ea Chef.

Modules - Chef Recipes, Chef Cookbooks, Chef Architecture, Tools - Lisebelisoa le Mangolo, Tata ea Tlhahiso ea Chef (ChefDK)

Labs - Litala tsa Litala tsa Taelo: Taelo ea Chef le Mesebetsi.

8. Ho hlahloba, ho kena ka marang-rang, lisebelisoa tsa Tomcat le Tsamaiso

Sepheo -Molaetsa ona, re tla nka mekhoa ea ho hlahloba, ho rema le ho hlahloba lisebelisoa tse fapaneng tsa DevOps / litaelo tse bohlokoa bakeng sa ho ikoetlisa letsatsi le leng le le leng. Ka tsela e tšoanang re tla itšoara hantle ha re theha Server Server.

Modules - Tlhaloso ea lisebelisoa tse fapaneng tsa ho rema lifate, Utloisisa ho hlahloba Ts'ebetso ea, Ho kenya le ho lokisa Nagios Tlhokomelo bakeng sa lisebelisuoa, Ho kenngoa ha Tomcat Server le lipapiso, Utloisisa lisebelisoa tse poteletseng tsa Openssl le Openssh, Utloisisa rsync bakeng sa matlafatsang, Utloisisa Melao e kang: lsof, netstat, Utloisisa Khopolo ea Virtual, Free, beat, vmstat, iostat, nako ea ho qetela, ho fumana, skrine, liphahlo, litšenyehelo tsa Disk joaloka - df, du, mkfs, tune2fs, fdisk, dd, Utloisisa / joalo-joalo / fstab, Thaba ea litaelo.

Labs - Setemiso sa syslog le linyeoe, K'homphieutha, Nagios moqapi le setup ho boloka Linux seva le ho kopanya LDAP le Jenkins.

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