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12 Apr 2018

Ulawulo lwaBasebenzi

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ithunyelwe ngu

Ziziphi Izinto Zoluntu?

Iinjongo zokuFunda

  • Cacisa inxalenye ye-HRM kwimibutho.
  • Umntu kwaye uhlolisise inxalenye yemisebenzi enkulu ye-HRM.

Umbutho ngamnye, omkhulu okanye omncinci, usebenzisa i-assortment ye-finance ukuchaphazela ishishini ukusebenza. Inkunzi ibandakanya imali, ipahla, okanye iimveliso ezisetyenziselwa ukudala umvuzo kwi shishini. Ngokomzekelo, indawo yokuthengisa isebenzisa iirejistara kunye ne-inventory, ngelixa iqumrhu lokucebisa linokuba neenkqubo zokukhusela okanye izakhiwo. Kungakhathaliseki ukuba yintoni ishishini, yonke imibutho yenza into efanayo: kufuneka ibe nabantu ngabanye ukuze benze umsebenzi wabo omkhulu. Oku kuya kuba yinkxalabo yethu yonke imixholo: yobudala bemali engenayo ngokusebenzisa ubuchule bokwakha kunye nobuchule.

Yintoni iRHM?

Ulawulo lwabasebenzi (HRM) yindlela yokusebenzisa abantu, ukulungiselela, ukuhlawulela, ukudala imigaqo-nkqubo ebonisa ukuba nabo, nokudala iinkqubo zokubamba. Njengentsimi, HRM uye wabhekana nokuqhubela phambili kwimiba emininzi kwiminyaka emashumi mabini anesibini, enika inxaxheba ebaluleke kakhulu kwimibutho yangoku. Ngaphambi kokuba, i-HRM ibonise ukuphatha iimali, ukuthumela izipho zosuku lokuzalwa kubameli, ukulungelelanisa ukuhamba kweentlangano, nokuqinisekisa ukuba imilo yahlanganiswa ngokuchanekileyo-ekupheleni kosuku, ininzi enkulu yecandelo lokulawula ngokuchasene nenxalenye ebalulekileyo ebalulekileyo ekuphumezeni umbutho. UJack Welch, i-CEO yangaphambili ye-General Electric kunye nomphathi wokulawula, uzalisekisa inxalenye entsha ye-HRM: "Balekela iimbutho kunye neziganeko zokuzalwa kunye nokubhalisa amafayile. ... Khumbula, i-HR ibaluleke kakhulu kwiimeko ezininzi, i-HR ibonakala kwiimeko ezinzima" (Frasch , kunye., 2010).

Kubalulekile ukubiza ingqalelo apha, kwinqanaba lokuqala lokubhekiselele kulo mxholo, umlawuli ngamnye unengxenye ethile ebonisa ukulawulwa kwabasebenzi. Ngenxa yokuba asinayo isihloko somlawuli we-HR asisho ukuba asiyi kudlala bonke okanye ukuba akukho nto enye inxalenye yezabelo ze-HRM. Ngokomzekelo, abaninzi abaphathi balawula umvuzo, ugqozi, nokugcinwa kwabasebenzi-ukwenza le mibono inxenye ye-HRM kunye necandelo lolawulo. Ngaloo ndlela, le ncwadi ibalulekile ngokufanayo kumntu ofuna ukuba ngumlawuli we-HR kunye nomntu oya kujongana nezoshishino.

 

Indima ye-HRM

Khumbula ukuba iinkalo ezininzi ze-HRM nazo zihamba ngezinye iintloko zeofisi, nto leyo eyenza le datha ibalulekile, naphezu kwendlela ebizwa ngayo. Uninzi lweengcali zidibanisa kwiindawo ezisixhenxe eziphambili ezidlala kwi-HRM kwimibutho. Ezi zichazwe kumacandelo ahambayo.

yokugaya

Ufuna abantu ukuba benze iimpazamo baze bazalise umsebenzi kumbutho. Enyanisweni, kwanamashishini anamhlanje, abantu bafuneka. Kule miqolo, enye yezinto ezibalulekileyo kwi-HRM kubasebenzi. Ukuqeshwa kwabasebenzi kubandakanya yonke inkqubo yokuthengiswa ekuboniseni umsebenzi ekuhleleni umthwalo wembuyekezo. Ngaphakathi kwamandla abasebenzi, kukho intuthuko emine ebalulekileyo:

Ukuphuculwa kwesicwangciso sobasebenzi. Eli lungiselelo lenza i-HRM ibone ukuba yeyiphi inani labantu kufuneka baqeshe ngenxa yeminqweno yengeniso.

Ukuphuculwa kwemigaqo-nkqubo yokukhuthaza i-multiculturalism emsebenzini. I-Multiculturalism kwindawo yokusebenzela iphela ngokugqithiseleyo, njengoko sinabantu abaninzi abaninzi abavela kwisiseko seziseko zabasebenzi.

Ukubhalisa. Oku kubandakanya ukufumanisa abantu ukuba bazalise izikhundla ezivulekileyo.

Ukuzimisela. Kule nqanaba, abantu baya kudibana kunye nokukhethwa, kwaye umthwalo ofanelekileyo wohlawulelo uya kulungiswa. Le nkqubela ilandelwa ngokulungiselela, ukugcinwa kunye nokuphefumlelwa.

Ukuphuhliswa kweeNkqubo zeeNgqesho

Umbutho ngamnye unemigaqo-nkqubo yokuqinisekisa ukuqiqa kunye nokuhambelana ngaphakathi kwintlangano. Omnye wemisebenzi ka-HRM kukukwakha i-verbiage equka le nkqubo. Ekuqhubekeni kwemigaqo-nkqubo, i-HRM, ulawulo, kunye namagosa adibeneyo nenkqubo. Ngokomzekelo, ingcali ye-HRM iya kuqonda ukuba imfuneko yesicwangciso okanye ulungelelaniso kumalungiselelo, khangela iimvakalelo kwindlela, qulunqa isicwangciso, kwaye emva koko kuhambise loo ndlela kubasebenzi. Kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele apha ukuba amaqela akwa-HR awakwazi kwaye asebenze yodwa. Yonke into abayidingayo ukuba ifake esinye isinye isahlulo kumbutho. Iimeko ezithile ezimbalwa zomgaqo-nkqubo weendawo zingabakho apha:

  • Inkqubo yokufundisa
  • Ixesha lohambo
  • Umgangatho wezambatho
  • Indlela yokuziphatha
  • Ukusetyenziswa kwewebhu

Imbuyekezo kunye noLawulo lweeNzuzo

Iingcali ze-HRM zifuna ukuqinisekisa ukuba umvuzo uqikelele, udibanisa i-gauge ye-industry, kwaye uphezulu ngokwaneleyo ukukhwela abantu ukuba basebenze umbutho. Umvuzo uquka nantoni na into eyenziwa ngumsebenzi kumsebenzi wakhe. Ukongezelela, iingcali ze-HRM zifuna ukuqinisekisa ukuba imbuyekezo iyafana nantoni na into eyenziwa ngabanye abantu abenza imisebenzi efana nokuhlawulwa. Oku kubandakanya ukubeka izikhokelo zokuhlawula ezicinga ubungakanani beminyaka kunye nombutho, iminyaka yamava, imfundo kunye nokujonga okuthelekisayo. Iziganeko zomvuzo womsebenzi zibandakanya ezi zilandelayo:

  • umvuzo
  • Uncedo lwezonyango
  • I-401 (k) (ukuyila umhlalaphantsi)
  • Isitoko zithenga iimveliso
  • Ixesha lokufika
  • Wakhupha ikhefu
  • imivuzo
  • Ukuhlawula iindleko zemfundo

Ekubeni oku akusiyo i-rundown epheleleyo, ukuhlawula kuhlolwe ukuxhaswa kwiSahluko 6 "Imbuyekezo kunye neNzuzo".

nokugcinwa

Isondlo siquka ukugcina nokukhupha abasebenzi ukuba bahlale kunye nombutho. Umvuzo luqwalasela ngokusisiseko kwisondlo sokumela, nangona kunjalo kukho izinto ezahlukeneyo. I-90% yabasebenzi bayishiya umbutho ngezizathu ezihamba kunye nazo:

  • Imiba ejikeleze umsebenzi abawenzayo
  • Iingxaki kunye nabaphathi abaziintloko
  • Ulungelelaniso olungafanelekanga ngeenkcubeko zenkcubeko
  • Isimo semeko esingafanelekanga yomsebenzi

Kungakhathaliseki oku, i-90 ipesenti yabalawuli bacinga ukuba abameli bayishiya ngenxa yokuhlawulwa (Rivenbark, 2010). Emva koko, iinkosana zizama ukutshintsha iimpahla zabo zokuhlawula ukukhusela abantu ekuphumeni, xa umvuzo awukho isizathu sokuba bashiye nganoma iyiphi indlela. Icandelo 7 "Ukugcinwa kunye nokukhuthaza" kunye neSahluko 11 "UVavanyo lwabaSebenzi" bahlola iindlela ezimbalwa zokubamba abameli abakhulu ngokubhekiselele kwezi zinto ezine.

UkuFunda noPhuhliso

Xa sitshale amandla ukuba senze abamele abatsha, kufuneka siqinisekise ukuba balungele ukwenza lo msebenzi kwaye baqhubeke nokuphuhlisa kwaye bakhule iziphumo ezintsha kumsebenzi wabo. Ezi ziphumo ekusebenzeni okuphezulu kumbutho. Ukulungiswa ukongeza kwinqanaba eliphambili ekuphefumleleni kwabasebenzi. Abameli abavakalelwa kukuba bayakha izikhono zabo banomdla wokuba banelisekile kwimisebenzi yabo, ekhokelela ngokulondolozwa kwabasebenzi. Iimeko zokulungiselela iiprojekthi zingabandakanya ezi zilandelayo:

  • Iingqesho zokulungiselela, umzekelo, indlela yokuqhuba inkqubo ethile yePC
  • Ukulungelelanisa ngolwazi
  • Ukuzibandakanya kwamaqela
  • Ukulungiswa kunye nokulungiswa ngokusemthethweni, umzekelo, ukuziphatha okungalunganga ukulungiselela nokuziphatha okulungiselelayo

Ukulawula iMithetho Echaphazela Ukuqeshwa

Abantu beempahla kufuneka bazi malunga nganye yemithetho echaphazela indawo yokusebenzela. Ingcali ye-HRM ingasebenza kunye neminye yale mithetho:

  • Imithetho yohlulo
  • Iinkonzo zonyango
  • Ukuhlawulwa kwemfuneko, umzekelo, umvuzo ophantsi kakhulu ovunyelwe ngumthetho
  • Imithetho yokhuseleko yabasebenzi
  • Yenza imithetho

Isimo esisemthethweni sakwa-HRM siyaqhubeka sitshintsha, ngoko i-HRM kufuneka ikwazi ngokuphathelele utshintsho olwenzekayo kwaye emva koko ludlulisela ukuqhubela phambili kulo lonke ulawulo lombutho. Ngokuchasene nokuzisa inxalenye ephambili kwimithetho ye-HRM, siya kujongana nale mithetho kwicandelo ngalinye elibalulekileyo.

Unxibelelwano

Ngaphandle kwezi nxalenye zangempela, ubuchule obukhulu bokuxhatshazwa kunye nokulawula okumangalisayo kubaluleke kakhulu ekulawuleni ulawulo lwabasebenzi kunye nokongezwa kolawulo jikelele.

Ukuqhelanisa nezixhobo zangaphandle

Nangaphandle kokujongana neengongoma, umlawuli we-HR kufuneka acinge ngamagunya angaphandle ekudlalweni anokuchaphazela umbutho. Amandla angaphandle, okanye iinguqu ezingaphandle, zizinto ezo inhlangano engenazo ukulawula ngokukhawuleza; nangayiphi na imeko, zinokuba zizinto ezinokugxininisa okanye zithintele izibonelelo zabasebenzi. Iziphumo ezingaphandle zingabandakanya ezi zilandelayo:

  • Ukudityaniswa kwehlabathi kunye nokugxotha
  • Utshintsho kumthetho wezoshishino
  • Iindleko zonyango lweenkonzo
  • Iminqweno yokumela
  • Iindidi ezintle zabasebenzi
  • Ukutshintsha i-socioeconomics yabasebenzi
  • Bonke abasebenzi basebenza ngokugqithiseleyo
  • Ukukhahlela nokukhawuleza
  • Izinto ezisetyenziswayo, umzekelo, iinkcukacha ze-HR
  • Ukusetyenziswa okubanzi kwenkqubo enxibelelwano engaqhelekanga ukuhanjiswa kwedatha kubasebenzi

 

Fumana Uqeqesho lwaBantu

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