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23 Mar 2017

Imibuzo Yokuxoxisana - Izimpendulo Zabaqeqeshi be-Cyber-Security

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Izinto ezintsha zithuthuka masinyane, futhi izingozi zokuphepha kwi-intanethi zivuleka ukuze zibe nzima kakhulu ukubona. Ukuze ama-aggregates anamuhla asebenze, indlela yokujwayelekile yokuxazulula izingozi ayisoze yaphoqelela. Ngenxa yalokho, ochwepheshe bezokuphepha kwe-cyber bancike ekuthuthukiseni amakhono abo ngokuzenzakalelayo njengoba isimo sezokuphepha sishintsha. Banikeza ukwelulekwa nokusekelwa okukhethekile ukusiza amakhasimende ukuba athuthukise umsebenzi wabo wezokuphepha nezingozi. Nazi imibuzo embalwa kubo:

Imibuzo yokuphendula imibuzo ye-20 nezimpendulo ze-Cyber-Security Professionals

Yini onayo ohlelweni lwakho lwekhaya?

I-PC ephathekayo ye-Windows enokushintshashintsha okungaxhunyiwe kude, ucingo ngangokunokwenzeka kuze kube yizikhungo zokusebenza zakwa-14 Linux, i-Active Directory Domain Controller, i-Firewall apparatus kanye ne-toaster ehlanganiswe net.

Iyiphi iphrojekthi ohlangene nawe ongathi uyathokoza kakhulu?

Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi iphrojekthi yakho ingumuntu owodwa njengesikhangiso sokuqala uma ulungisa i-console ye-amusements noma uhlanganise i-PC yakho yokuqala noma ebaluleke njengokuqamba uhlelo, injongo yalo mbuzo ukukhombisa intshiseko yakho. Lokhu kwakufundiswe phakathi kokuphepha kwe-cyber okulungiselelwe.

Kuyini "umjovo we-SQL"?

Kungenye yezindlela zokuhlaselwa ezivamile ezisetshenziswe ngabahleli ukuthola idatha eyisisekelo. Abahleli bahlola noma yikuphi ukuvulwa kwe-loop esakhiweni abangayidlulisela ngayo imibuzo ye-SQL, ehlukana nokuhlola kokuphepha futhi ibuyise idatha eyisisekelo.

Kuyini uxhumano lwe-SSL neseshini ye-SSL?

Ukuxhumeka kwe-SSL yisixhumanisi esibonakalayo esinezincwadi zokuhambisa lapho uxhumano ngalunye luhlobene khona ne-SSL Session eyodwa. Lesi sigaba singabonakala njengobudlelwane phakathi kwamakhasimende nesiphakeli, ngokukhululekile okukhishwe ngokubamba ngesandla.

Ziyini izindlela ezintathu zokuqinisekisa indoda?

Okuthile abanakho (isibonakaliso), Okuthile abakwaziyo (ukhiye wangasese) nokunye okuyikho (i-biometrics). Lokhu kuqinisekisa isikhathi esithile sisebenzisa igama eliyimfihlo nokusetha ithokheni, naphezu kokuthi ngezinye izikhathi kungaba iPIN kanye nesithupha.

Izinqubo ezehlukene ekuvivinyweni kokuphepha?

I-White Box-Yonke idatha inikezwa kubahlaziyi, ibhokisi elimnyama-Ayikho idatha enikelwa abahlaziyi futhi bangakwazi ukuhlola uhlelo esimweni esiqinisekisiwe, ibhokisi elimhlophe-idatha ehlukile inebahlaziyi kanye nokuphumula okudingayo ukubeka bonke.

Iyiphi insizakalo ye-web server?

Ukukhubazeka okuvamile ukuthi iseva yewebhu ingaxhaphaza yilokhu: Ukuguqulwa kwamagama, izilungiselelo ezizenzakalelayo, ama-Bugs ohlelweni lokusebenza kanye namaseva wewebhu.

Iyini i-Traceroute noma i-tracert?

Ivumela ukuthi uhlole ukuthi ukuphazamiseka okuxhunyiwe kwenzeke ngokukubonisa ulayini olulungile lokuxhuma kusuka ekushintsheni ukuze ushintshele ekugcineni.

Linux server security: Three stages to secure every system

The three stages to secure every system: Auditing, Hardening, Compliance.

What is salting and what is it utilized for?

Your questioner is alluding to secret word salting however is endeavoring to catch you out by just using a large portion of the term. It is a more secure sort of encryption for passwords and is a term you will be required to know and get it.

Segment utilized as a part of SSL?

SSL is used to make secure connection amongst PCs and customers. Taking after segment utilized as a part of SSL: Handshake protocol, Encryption calculations, SSL Recorded protocol, Change Cipher Spec.

What is WEP cracking?

WEP cracking is the technique for abusing security vulnerabilities in remote systems and increasing unapproved get to.

Parameters that characterize a SSL session state?

The parameters that portray a SSL session state are: Session identifier, Compression strategy, Peer authentication, Master mystery, Cipher spec.

How would you secure your home Wireless Access Point?

There are an assortment of ways to deal with secure a Wireless Access Point: not broadcasting the SSID, utilizing WPA2 and utilizing MAC address sifting are the most mainstream among them.

What are the traits of Security Testing?

There are taking after seven traits of Security Testing: Authentication, Confidentiality, Authorization, Integrity, Availability, Non-disavowal, Resilience.

What is port scanning?

Ports are the point from where data goes all through any system. Scanning of the ports to discover any loop openings in the system are known as Port Scanning.

What is phishing?

A system used to trick individuals for data by imitating a honest to goodness site like Facebook or Hotmail, to draw the client into entering their own record and secret key data. Experts are instructed how to make customers mindful of this amid a cyber security instructional class.

Portray Network Intrusion Detection system (NDIS)?

It is used for finish examination of passing activity on the sub-net and additionally to match it with known attacks. In the event that any loop gap recognized then the administrator gets a caution.

Systems used to anticipate web server attacks?

Fix Management, safe installation and configuration of web server software, evacuation of unused and default account, remote organization handicapping, and so on.

What is HIDS?

HIDS or Host Intrusion Detection System is one in which depiction of the present system is taken and complexity to past previews. It checks if basic documents were altered or erased then an alarm is sent to the administrator.

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